Featured In Nasa's 2015 Spinoff Magazine
Before astronauts are able to undertake long-term missions into the solar system, they’ll need technologies that allow them to grow their own fruits and vegetables. For years, NASA has been advancing technologies such as artificial lighting, plant monitoring devices, and growth chambers to advance that goal.
But it’s one thing to grow plants; it’s another to keep them from aging prematurely. The culprit is ethylene—a naturally occurring gas emitted from plants that hastens ripening. Comprised of hydrogen and carbon, ethylene can induce decay when left to accumulate in enclosed spaces such as a spacecraft. To forestall that process, in the 1990s the Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics, a NASA Research Partnership Center located at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, developed an ethylene reduction device.
Also known as an ethylene “scrubber,” the device works by drawing in air through tubes coated with titanium dioxide. When a built-in ultraviolet light shines onto the coat, the gas is converted into trace amounts of water and carbon dioxide, which are actually good for plants. The scrubber was first flown on Space Shuttle Columbia mission STS-73 in 1995 and proved successful in preserving a crop of potato seedlings. Subsequent missions used and improved the technology.
NASA is to thank for laying the foundation for a breakthrough product in indoor air quality.
The benefits reaped by these two features—the antimicrobial agents and clumping capability—have been proven by peer-reviewed scientific studies, says Lozano. First, a Kansas State University study showed that ActivePure Technology reduced an indoor environment’s amount of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, by 99.8 percent and E. coli by 98.1 percent. The study also demonstrated similar effectiveness in neutralizing black mold and other potentially dangerous pathogens.
In another study the University of Cincinnati validated the technology’s ability to extract particulate matter. “These ions were dropping particles out of the air 100 times faster than relying on gravity alone,” Lozano says. “That’s a good thing because it means you’re not breathing them in anymore.”
While the company is careful not to make any medical claims, Lozano mentions some of the many positive responses he’s received from customers. In one story, a woman was so allergic to cats that she wasn’t able to stay at her daughter’s house for longer than 30 minutes at a time. One day, her husband installed an Air Scrubber Plus without her knowing. “On Super Bowl Sunday, she’s hanging out at her daughter’s for four hours and says, ‘Hey what’s going on?’” he says. “She was surprised by how well she was feeling.”
The Air Scrubber Plus is really improving people’s lives.
Besides making people feel better, Lozano says the technology also helps extend the life of a home’s HVAC system. As particles clump around the charged clusters, or “friendly cleaners,” they become too large to escape the system’s filter, which means they’re not able to go on and damage coils and blowers needed to help keep the system running effectively. “This translates to savings on your utility bills and reduces the chances of needing expensive repairs,” Lozano says.
And it all started with the agency’s need for keeping plants fresh in space. “NASA is to thank for laying the foundation for a breakthrough product in indoor air quality,” Lozano says. “Air Scrubber Nasa Technology is really improving people’s lives.”